Top Migraine Triggers and How to Manage

 

  • Stress:

 

    • Stress is a trigger for almost 70% of people with migraines
    • Start by making a list of causes of stress and tension
    • Work towards reducing these triggers in your life
    • Biofeedback
    • Relaxation therapy
    • Meditation
    • Exercise
    • Consistent sleep schedule

 

  • Changes in sleep schedule

 

    • Try to go to bed at same time every night and get at least 7-8 hours of sleep
    • Eliminate TV, texting, reading, listening to music while in bed
    • Do not nap during the day

 

  • Hormones

 

    • Women are three times more likely to have a migraine then men
    • Some methods of birth control that can stabilize hormone levels and prevent future migraine attacks
    • Headache specialist and gynecologist to find right treatment plan

 

  • Caffeine and Alcohol

 

    • Limit and know your limits when it comes to alcohol consumption
    • Warning signs of a migraine attack after drinking alcohol, take your acute medication immediately

 

  • Changes in the weather

 

    • Storms, excessive heat and changes in barometric pressure
    • Adjust schedule accordingly
    • Errands in the morning before it gets too hot

 

  • Diet

 

    • Try to identify specific food triggers and avoid as much as possible
    • Most common ones being foods with histamine and MSG, chocolate, cheese, dairy products, artificial sweeteners, caffeine, cured meats and anything with a strong smell

 

  • Dehydration

 

    • Carry a bottle of water and keep track of fluid intake
    • Limit consumption of diuretics

 

  • Light

 

    • Natural light- wear sunglasses when outside
    • Green light is the only light that has been shown to not aggravate migraine

 

  • Smell

 

    • Avoid perfumes, strong food smells, chemicals or gasoline

 

  • Medication overuse

 

  • Stop taking the medication and clear it out of your system before you can stop the cycle of pain
  • ¬†work with your doctor to learn how to come off certain medications, such as opioids or butalbital containing medications, safely.

https://americanmigrainefoundation.org/resource-library/top-10-migraine-triggers-and-how-to-deal-with-them/